Define “Primary Source” A primary source is usually defined as an original document, a creative work or a relic or an artifact. Yes, in most cases. 2.Letters written by Confederate and Union Soldiers to their families. Materials: 1.Test Based Primary Source Investigation Tool (graphic organizer). Between July 1519 and September 1526, Hernán Cortés (1485‒1547), the soldier and adventurer who in 1519‒21 conquered for Spain what is now central and southern Mexico, sent five extended letters to Emperor Charles V in which he described his exploits and placed himself and his actions in a favorable light. The largest Aztec market was located in Tenochtitlan's neighboring town, Tlatelolco. The document does have a. However, if you do decide that a primary source fits what you are doing, be picky. Write a paragraph that answers the guiding question. It's a primary source, but isn't still a primary source. It's a new, distinct primary source. Primary sources will usually be the main objects of your analysis. Provide information on the “who, what, where, when, why, and how” of an event. Source: Letter by Hernán Cortés to King Charles V, written in 1520. Primary sources are materials directly related to a topic by time or participation. A letter can be used as a primary source in a number of different scenarios. Analyze the cartoon “The looking glass for 1787.” (Direct students to record their thinking on the Library’s Primary Source Analysis Tool. Teaching Duration. 8 years ago. It serves as an original source of information about the topic. Purpose of the communication or transaction is often clear. Letter of Hernan Cortes to Charles V 1520 Second Letter: HistoryWiz Primary Source . Excerpts of letters- see attachments Letter, Hernán Cortés This excerpt from Cortés’ Second Letter, written to Charles V in 1519 and first published in 1522, is one of only two instances in Cortés’ letters to the King that explicitly mentions his indigenous translator. Is a Wall Street Journal article a primary source? May offer insight into the emotional state of the author. He studied at the University of Salamanca, took part in Spain’s conquest, in 1506, of Hispaniola and Cuba, and rose to become a municipal official in Cuba. This book contains the first Latin edition of Cortés’s second letter. yes, the speech itself is a primary source if it was written down word for word by some one. Introduction to the Source. Primary Source of quotes given from the head of the SS including a letter and a speech. Use the Primary Source Analysis Tool from the Library of Congress and select guiding questions that students will use to analyze the primary sources. Enjoy! Modern History Sourcebook: Hernan Cortés: from Second Letter … 2. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event. The text of the second letter from Hernan Cortes to the Spanish king, describing his conquest of the Aztecs. Translated and edited by Anthony Pagden. But on April 16, 1963, he was confined to the Birmingham jail, imprisoned for participating in civil rights demonstrations. They consider whether a source was created close in location and time to an actual historical event. Have students visit their local library or access the Internet to research primary source descriptions of the Aztec capital. centered in Tenochtitlan (what is today Mexico City). They should also see that the primary documents themselves are not highly reliable sources of information. The name of Hernán Cortés (1485–1547) and the controversy surrounding him are linked to the conquest of Mexico, which was the most important event of his life. Primary Source Packet 1. Primary Source Reading: Aztec Accounts of the Conquest. Documents are not just written letters, but … The Second Letter of Henan Cortes to Charles V; The Second Letter of Henan Cortes to Charles V. 1624 Words 7 Pages. Some types of primary sources include: ), institutional and government documents (treaties, laws, court cases, marriage records) or relics and … N/A. Create two summary statements for each letter that include a claim and evidence from the source. If the article describes past events or an interview, then it's a secondary source. Related. For this discussion. Social Studies - History, World History. Suggest that the groups visit the following sites to begin their research. Subject. Primary Sources. Cortés was born in Medellín, Spain. Miguel Leon Portilla, a Mexican anthropologist, gathered accounts by the Aztecs, some … First, historians think about where, when and why a document was created. Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, 1st Marquess of the Valley of Oaxaca (/ k ɔːr ˈ t ɛ s /; Spanish: [eɾˈnaŋ koɾˈtez ðe monˈroj i piˈθaro altamiˈɾano]; 1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the … A primary source is a source that has direct knowledge of the idea. Primary sources tend to be fixed and have fixed information. It is a digital scan of the original letter, but it still counts as a primary source. This primary source set includes photographs, paintings, documents, maps, and items that relate both to the setting of The Scarlet Letter, the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the mid-seventeenth century, and thematic elements within the book. The key to Cortes’s conquests lay in the political crisis within the Aztec empire; the Aztecs were bitterly resented by many of the subject peoples who had to pay tribute to them. Although something like a birth certificate can be forged, it normally isn't. Hernan Cortes, Spanish conquistador who overthrew the Aztec empire (1519–21) and won Mexico for the crown of Spain. Encourage the groups to take detailed notes. Primary Sources: What Are They? A medieval text, if properly preserved, won't be redacted. In the study of history as an academic discipline, a primary source (also called an original source) is an artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study. This course teaches students how to engage with primary source material, specifically, how to use letters as evidence in academic research and the myriad of ways in which this can be done. 1 page. William C. … Cortés, Hernán. Cortes was sent by King Charles V (I) of Spain to observe with the idea of overthrowing the impressive Aztec Empire. “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Primary Source Analysis Martin Luther King, Jr. seldom had time to answer his critics. Read George Washington’s letter introducing the Constitution: What democratic principles (e.g., separation of powers, compromise, and government responsibilities) does he illustrate? "Communication from the German Government to the British Government." Search. Primary Source 5 – President Abraham Lincoln's letter to Alexander Stephens This source is a letter written by Lincoln to Alexander Stephens about the South and its worries. read the primary source account of “The Wonders of Tenochtitlan: City of the Aztecs” from Hernan Cortes: from Second Letter to Charles V. 1520. Historians analyze historical sources in different ways. Primary Sources: Cortes Describes the Aztec Capital of Tenochtitlan, 1520 TOP: In his letter, Hernan Cortes described a marketplace like the one depicted in this diorama of the Tlatelolco Marketplace at Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois. Time and Place Rule Bias Rule Questions for Primary Sources. In 1519 Hernan Cortés sailed from Cuba, landed in Mexico and made his way to the Aztec capital. A primary source, which is very different from a secondary source, is also called primary data. This was the major source of Cortés’ letters that I used in the construction of this Web site. Consider how students can compare these items to other primary and secondary sources. A New York Times article is a primary source only when the content is original or a first-hand account of an event. it can be from the person who saw it or the person who did the original research. Primary Documents : Hernando Cortés on Doña Marina. This excerpt from Cortés’s Second Letter, written to Charles V in 1519 and first published in 1522, is one of only two instances in Cortés’s letters to the King that explicitly mentions his indigenous translator.The letters represent eyewitness accounts of the conquistadors’ deeds and experiences. 3. Show More. A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. Yes, in most cases. A primary source is anything that gives you direct evidence about the people, events, or phenomena that you are researching. Primary Source: A letter written by Hernan Cortes to Charles V to tell him how he's getting on with the conquest of Mexico. Provide written, printed, or graphic information. ... As result anyone who would end up doing the research on the Aztec culture would see this source as a helpful primary document. Communication from the German Government to the British Government. Students in this course used the letter sets as a point of departure for a wide variety of successful essays. Answer Key. The Library of Congress Primary Source Sets for educators are a good place to start. 22 Ratings. Is a New York Times article a primary source? Total Pages. Hernan Cortes Letter - Primary Source Document with guiding questions. A primary source is an original material created during the time under study. In this letter Cortes described what the capital of the Aztec empire looks like and how they greeted the Spaniards. Primary sources can be original documents (such as letters, speeches, diaries), creative works (such as art, novels, music and film), published materials of the times (newspapers, magazines, memoirs, etc. Avalon Project. 2. National History Day, an annual program for elementary and secondary students designed to "teach essential historical literacy that motivates students to secure the future of democracy," defines primary sources as follows: What is a primary source? A summary of the speech or a critique however would be secondary. May indicate the social and economic status of the author. A letter from Sigmund Freud as an example of a primary source. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside of. 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